History Of Middle East Peace Agreements

Following the failure of bilateral talks and the resumption of the conflict, the Saudi peace plan presented at an Arab summit in Beirut in March 2002 is the result of a multilateral approach, in particular the desire of the Arab world as a whole to put an end to this dispute. The State of Israel has made peace with two of its neighbors. In 1979, it was at peace with the Arab Republic of Egypt and, in 1994, peace with the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan, two countries with which the State of Israel had fought several wars and many border wars. The State of Israel also exchanged considerable territories for peace, as it did by withdrawing from the Sinai Peninsula in exchange for peace with the Arab Republic of Egypt. While Israelis have suffered greatly from violence and terrorism, Israelis still want peace. These two peace agreements, now aged 40 and 25, have supported and improved the lives of the citizens of Israel, Jordan and Egypt. The Oslo Accords were the first direct Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement. In the agreements, Palestinian representatives recognized the State of Israel and its right to exist, and Israel recognized the PLO as the sole representative body of the Palestinian people and reaffirmed its right to autonomy. The agreements also included the withdrawal of Israeli forces from parts of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Oslo was followed by numerous peace talks on issues of Palestinian refugees, Israeli settlements and Jerusalem.

Newly elected Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has declared a new policy following the numerous suicide bombings perpetrated by Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad since 1993. including a wave of suicide bombings prior to the Israeli elections in May 1996. Netanyahu declared a “recipient” policy that he described as a “recipient,” with Israel not taking part in the peace process if Arafat continued with what Netanyahu defined as the Palestinian revolving door policy, that is, propaganda and direct or indirect support for terrorism. The Hebron and Wye agreements were signed during this period after Israel considered its conditions to be partially met. (4) Both parties agreed that the outcome of the negotiations on sustainable status should not be compromised or anticipated by the agreements reached during the transitional period. This is consistent with the principle of the two-state co-existence solution, first proposed in the 1980s. The parties established within the PLO took the concept of territorial and diplomatic compromise seriously and were very interested. [58] At the 2010 talks, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said that the Palestinians and Israel had agreed on the principle of a land exchange, but Israel has not yet confirmed it. The question of the land-to-land relationship, which Israel would give to the Palestinians in exchange for maintaining settlement blocks, is controversial, with the Palestinians demanding that the ratio be 1 to 1 and that Israel offer less.

[59] In April 2012, Mahmoud Abbas sent a letter to Benjamin Netanyahu in which he reiterated that Israel should stop building settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and accept the 1967 borders as the basis for a two-state solution for peace talks to resume. [60] [61] In May 2012, Abbas reaffirmed his willingness to cooperate with the Israelis when they propose “anything that is promising or positive.” [62] More than a week later, Netanyahu responded to Abbas` letter in April, officially recognizing for the first time the right of The Palestinians to have their own state, although he declared, as before,[63] that he should be demilitarized[64] and declared that his new government of national unity was a new opportunity to renew negotiations and move forward. [65] The state is bound by all international agreements and conventions to which Palestine is a party.