Why Did The British Sign The 1900 Buganda Agreement

21. In this agreement, the term “Ugandan administration” refers to the government of the Ugandan protectorate, established and maintained by Her Majesty`s Government; “Representative of Her Majesty,” the Commissioner, the High Commissioner, the Governor or the chief official of any designation appointed by Her Majesty`s Government to lead Uganda`s affairs. Made in English and Luganda in Mengo, Kingdom of Uganda, March 10, 1900. The three regents – Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Zakaria Kisingiri and Stanislas Mugwanya – then signed on behalf of Chwa, while Sir Harry Johnson signed on behalf of King Edward VII. In accordance with Article 6 of the agreement, Kabakaship ceded its authority and power to the colonialists. As long as Kabaka, the chiefs and the people of Uganda comply with the laws and regulations established for their organization and management of the Kingdom of Uganda in question, Her Majesty`s Government agrees to recognize Kabaka as the indigenous ruler of Buganda province under the protection and rule of Her Majesty,” Article 6 of the agreement states. By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized that Uganda would obtain certain areas in exchange for their support against Bunyoro. [1] Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the referendum on lost counties in Uganda in 1964. [7] The signing took place in 1900, after years of negotiations under the leadership of Bishop Alfred Tucker. It is not surprising that the Anglican Church, under the missionary society of the Church, took the lion`s share in the new administration after the signing of the Agreement.

The agreement had three sections: power-sharing, the public finance system and the country. But there were difficulties because Kabaka Chwa was only a minor who was not involved in the negotiations. The Uganda Herald newspaper of August 14, 1914 reproduces the oath: “I Daudi Chwa, I swear that I will serve our sovereign lord King George V well and truly in Kabaka`s office in Buganda, and I will do well to all kinds of people according to the law and the use of the protectorate of Uganda, without fear or favor, affection of goodwill. This is how God helps me. The British wanted not only to be the masters of the kingdom and its people, but also to have a say in the next Kabaka. After the death of Kabaka, his successor was elected by a majority of votes in the Lukiiko Council or the Original Council. The name of the person elected by the Council of Mothers must be submitted for approval by Her Majesty`s Government and no person may be recognized as Kabaka by Uganda whose election has not received the approval of Her Majesty`s Government,” Article 6 continues. Prior to the signing of the agreement, The Kabaka of Buganda chose its officials without consultation. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900 included clear borders of the Kingdom of Uganda, a land ownership system and a tax policy. [3] Officials of the Kingdom.

Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (middle) with other Buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. The regents and chiefs were beneficiaries of the distribution of land under the De Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their collaboration with the British. FILE PHOTO 20. If, in the first two years following the signing of this agreement, the Kingdom of Uganda does not pay the Ugandan administration, the amount of national taxation is half the number of inhabitants; or should, at any time, not pay, without reason or excuse, the aforementioned minimum taxes due in relation to the population; or the Kabaka, ugandan leaders or people should at all times adopt a policy clearly unfaithful to the British protectorate; Her Majesty`s government will no longer be bound by the terms of this agreement.