The English text of the protocol, signed in New Delhi on 11 April 2005, is on the bilateral/multilateral documents page of the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MEA). A copy and summary of the protocol can also be accessed in the UNITED Nations Peacemakers Database and the AP-X Peace Agreement database. The aim of the protocol is to implement previous agreements and “modalities for implementing confidence-building measures, including through procedures for exchanging information on troop movements and holding semi-annual meetings on border issues.” They also agreed to resolve by diplomatic means any violation of the treaty or a solution. Lake-Standoff | Border actions violate bilateral agreements, Rajnath Singh China said months after the Simla agreement, China has set up bollards south of the McMahon Line. T. O`Callaghan, an official from the eastern sector of the northeastern border, moved all these markers to a location just south of the McMahon Line, then visited Rima to confirm with Tibetan officials that there was no Chinese influence in the area.  At first, the Indian government rejected the Simla agreement as incompatible with the 1907 Anglo-Russian agreement, which stipulated that neither party should negotiate with Tibet “except on the Chinese government.”  The British and Russians repealed the 1907 agreement in 1921, with mutual agreement.  It was not until the late 1930s that the British began using the McMahon line on official maps of the area. Singh said that in the past, border areas with China were longer impasses that were resolved peacefully. He said that this year`s situation “is very different both in terms of the size of the troops involved and the number of friction points… This underlines the scale of the current situation along the disputed border in eastern Ladakh. There is no often delineated LAC and Mr. Singh stated that India and China have different perceptions about the LAC.
This has caused periodic tensions, and the number of transgressions and face diversions has increased as India`s border infrastructure has improved and Indian army patrols to claim areas have increased over the years. A number of border agreements have been signed and confidence-building measures (CBM) have been implemented to maintain peace and calm, while both sides have attempted to demarcate the border by special representatives. On 10 May 2020, clashes broke out between Chinese and Indian troops in Nathu La, Sikkim, injuring 11 soldiers.    After the skirmishes in Sikkim, tensions between the two Ladakh countries escalated with the formation of troops in several places.  On the night of 15-16 June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of PLA soldiers were killed.  China has reinforced its troops near the Indian border with Tibet, Chinese media reported.  Bilateral agreements between India and China prevent the use of weapons along the effective line of control; But these skirmishes saw the first shots fired, warning shots fired in decades.   Signed in New Delhi on January 17, 2012, available in the Chinese AMF contract database in English, Chinese and Hindi.